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2014 Hourly and Internship

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Above: View looking east on Main Street. The small building between the March Theatre and the Tip Top Café was Vermillion’s Police Station.

 

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Businesses from left to right (1967): Modern Electric Co., The Cue, Charcoal Lounge, Co-Ed Theatre, Midget Café, and Monogram News.

 

John Phillip Sousa is widely known in the world of music as the “March King.”  Yet, his prolific compositional career included operettas, songs, and suites in addition to the more famous 135 individual marches: Stars and Stripes Forever, The Washington Post, Semper Fidelis, The Liberty Bell, Minnesota March, et al.

Sousa was more than an iconic American composer, though.  As a child he studied at the Esputa Conservatory of Music learning violin, piano, voice, and a variety of brass instruments.  When he was just thirteen years old, Sousa began an apprenticeship in the U.S. Marine Band, where he would work for the next seven years.  Besides that, he simultaneously played professional violin in theater orchestras.  He was a child prodigy, it seemed, and it took several years in the music scene for Sousa to give composition a try.

For a number of years, John Phillip Sousa traveled in Vaudeville shows, composed in a variety of genres, conducted, and again played professional violin.  In 1880 he was appointed conductor of the Marine Band, which flourished under his direction.  After that he led a civilian band bearing his name, all the while continuing to compose.  The “Sousa Band” toured the United States until the Great Depression, with a hiatus during World War I when Sousa worked for the Navy, also organizing bands.

Yes, John Phillip Sousa was a truly remarkable fellow, but what does he have to do with the Archives and Special Collections department? 

Recently, while shelving books in the Mahoney Music Collection, a small, green book caught my attention in the “PS” – American literature – section.  On the spine, under the title, gold letters read “John Phillip Sousa.”  I had to investigate.

In fact, Sousa wrote seven books and quite a lot of articles for magazines and journals. Who knew?

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The particular volume I came across is entitled The Fifth String.  Our copy is of the first 1902 publication by the Bowen-Merrill Company.  It retains its original forest-green binding and excellent, period cover art.  Interestingly, the illustrations are by famed American artist Howard Chandler Christy (apparently, in financial difficulties he found illustrating more profitable than painting). 

His story is enticing –renowned Italian violinist Angelo Diotti finds himself in love with a cold New York society girl who is not impressed with his virtuosity in the least.  Frustrated by his inadequacy, Diotti smashes his Stradavari violin in a rage and immediately is visited by the devil himself, who offers a replacement – a special violin with five strings.  Each string is “tuned” to a specific emotion – love, joy, pity, hope.  The fifth string is the string of death.  According to the Prince of Darkness, “he who plays upon it dies at once.”  Inconveniently, the string of death is situated in the middle of the other four.   

John Phillip Sousa paints a wonderful tale: it really took a masterful musician to write in such detail.  To a musician reader, the specific writing makes for much more realism in the otherwise fable-like plot.   It is also a portal to the music culture of turn-of-the-century America.  We modern music students don’t learn much about that era.  John Phillip Sousa, though, was very much in the midst of it all, and he allows us a short glimpse in with The Fifth String.

This cartobibliography consists of eighteenth and nineteenth century maps housed in the Archives and Special Collections Department of the University Libraries at the University of South Dakota. The maps selected focus on the Northern Great Plains with special emphasis on South Dakota. Also included are select maps of Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Iowa, and Nebraska. Entries are arranged chronologically by year of publication and then by map title. Most entries include publisher, date of publication if known, scale and dimensions of the map. For call numbers, consult the University Libraries online catalog. This cartobibliography compiled by John Van Balen, circa 2000.

Over the next 2 or 3 years, I want to play around with this cartobibliograpy whenever I need a reward for completing other tasks at work. I hope to add call numbers and to correct typographical or formatting errors that may have crept into the list over the years. Let me know if you see anything I should add, delete or change.
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1732

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Title: Carte de la Louisiane et du Cours du Mississippi. Dressee sur un grand nombre de memoirs entra. Sur ceux de M. Le Maire par Guill. Delisle de L’Academie R. des Scien. Amsterdam.

Map size: 67 x 53 cm. Scale 1 inch = 186 miles.

Description: Map draws on the explorations of LeSeur, LaSalle, Marquette and Jolliet. Depicts the lower Mississippi River and correctly shows the Missouri flowing from the northwest south to the Mississippi. The Missouri River is labeled the Pekitanoui, Riviere Large and the Missouri and shows locations some of Indian tribes.
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1772

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Title: An Accurate Map of North America, Describing and Distinguishing the British and Spanish Dominions on this Great Continent. According to the Definitive Treaty Concluded at Paris 10 Feb., 1763. Also all the West India Islands Belong to, and Professed by the Several European Princes and States (on separate sheet, see entry 2) By Eman[uel] Bowen, Geographer, and Engraved by John Gibson. Printed for Robert Sayer, 1772.

Map size: 116 x 56 cm. Scale: British statue miles 69 ½ to a degree.

Insert map: “A particular map of Baffin and Hudson’s Bay.”

Scale: British statute miles 69½ to a degree.

Description: Physical relief symbolized and place names provided. The region that the state of South Dakota occupies is described as the land of the “Maha & Tin Tons, the Wandering Indians.” Roads, fortifications, cities, and the names of various Indian tribes provided.

Statements on map: Articles IV, V Vi, VII, XVII, XVIII, IV, of the Treaty of Paris
(1763).
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Title: A map of “All the West Indian Islands Belonging to, and Professed by the Several European Princes and States.” By Eman Bowen, Geographer, and Engraved by John Gibson. Printed for Robert Sayer. 1772.

Map size: 116 x 56 cm. Scale: British statute miles 69½ to a degree.

Inset map: Sea of California.

Description: Depicts the routes of the Spanish Gallons, trading routes, Indian villages, provincial towns, forts, roads, mines and salt pits. Map is colored and depicts Spanish possessions in yellow, British possessions light brown and French possessions in light blue.

Statements on map: Articles XX, of the Treaty of Paris (1763).
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1802

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Title: Carte du Missouri Levee’ on Rectifiee dans toute son Etendue. Par Fois. Perrin du Lac.

Map size: 63 x 52 cm. Perspective map not drawn to scale.

Description: This map is published in Voyage dans les deux Louisianes, et Chex les Nations Sauvages du Missouri… 1805. Perrin du Lac’s map incorporates the explorations of John Evans and James Mackay. Map shows the Missouri River from St. Louis to the 47th latitude.
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Title: North America. Aaron Arrowsmith. [s.n.] [s.l.] [1802?].

Map Size: 39 x 24 cm. Scale ca 1:35,000,000.

Description: This map was originally appended to a book, title unknown. The Missouri River is represented and in the Dakota region “villages of the tall Indians and Manders” are shown.
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1807

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Title: Charte von Nord America Nach den Neuesten Entoeckungen und Zuveriafsigsten Astronomischen Ortsbestimmungen Entworfen. Augsburg, by Joh [ann] Walch, 1807.

Map Size: 56 x 49 cm. Scale: none given.

Description: Shows locations of Indian tribes, rivers and lakes for the Great Plains region.
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1814

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Title: A Map of Lewis and Clark’s Track, Across the Western Portion of North America from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean; by order of the Executive of the United States, in 1804 & 5 & 6. Copied by Samuel Lewis from the original drawing by Wm. Clark. Reproduced from the original by the Lithotype Printing Co., New York. 1893.

Map Size: 67 x 30 cm. Scale: ca. 1:4,300,000.

Description: Shows the following features: locations of Indian tribes, including their populations; the use of Indian words to name some features; relief shown by hachures.
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1843

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Title: Hydrographical Basin of the Upper Mississippi River from Astronomical and Barometrical Observations Surveys and Information. By J. N. Nicollet. In the years 1836, 37, 38, 39, and 40; assisted in 1838, 39 & 40 by Lieut. J. C. Fremont, of the Corps of Topographical Engineers…. Authorized by the War Department.

Map Size: 92 x 79 cm. Map Scale: ca. 20 miles to the inch.

Description: Relief shown by hachures, includes many geographical names. Accompanied Senate Document 237, and House Document 52, Reports of the 28th Congress, 2nd Session, 1845. Nicollet’s Report (Senate Document 237), left unfinished due to his death, and describes the geography of the region.
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1846

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Title: Map of Oregon, California, New Mexico, N.W. Texas and Proposed Territory of Ne-Bras-Ka. By Rufus B. Sage. Lithographed by f. Michelin, New York. 1846.

Map size: 69.5 x 49 cm.

Description: Line symbol with name alongside indicates trails. Map presents the locations of battles (Mexican-American War), Indian tribes and major settlements. Relief is indicated by hachures.
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Title: Polynesia or Islands of the Pacific Ocean

Publisher: Charles Knight & Company, London. Engraved by J. & C. Walker. 1846

Sheet size: 33 x 43.5 cm. Scale: Maps have various scales.

Description: Colored map with line border. Physical relief indicated by hachures. Island groups represented: Norfolk, Admiralty & Salomon Islands, Cooks, Pitcairn, Juan Fernandez, The Low Archipelago, Fiji and Tonga, Tonga-Tabou, Samoa, Sandwhich (Hawaiian_ Galapagos, Santa Cruz, Vankikoro, Marshall, Orgia, Ladrones, Gilbert, and Pelew Islands. Included explanatory statements, cultural and physical features.
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1848

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Title: Map of Oregon and Upper California from the Surveys of John Charles Fremont and Other Authorities. Drawn by Charles Press under the Order of the Senate of the United States. Lithographed by E. Weber & Co. Baltimore. 1848.

Map Size: 75 x 91 cm. Scale: 1:3,000,000.

Description: Relief represented by hachures. Covers the area from the Rocky Mountains west. Political boundaries tinted light green. Fremonts route indicated by dotted line symbol. Settlements and locations for Indian tribes depicted. Elevations above sea level shown. Map from Geographical Memoir upon Upper California… 1848 (30th Cong., 1st sess., Sen. Misc. Doc. 148, Serial 511).

Diagram included with the map “Profile of the Traveling Route from the South Pass of the Rocky Mountains to the Bay of San Francisco.”
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1850

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Title: Map of Minnesota Territory. By J.H. Young. Published by Cowperthwait, Desilver & Bulter, Philadelphia. 1850.

Map Size: 43 x 34 cm. Scale 1:2,450,000.

Description: A detailed multicolored map with a decorative green border, which shows all of the Minnesota Territory which included parts of Dakota west to the Missouri River. The lands ceded by the Sioux Indians in 1851 are outlined in red. Physical relief is symbolized by hachures. Explanatory annotations are included. Map detached from atlas and page number 36.
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1851

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Title: The United States. Map drawn and engraved by J. Rapkin. Illustrations by J. Merchant and engraved by J. Rogers. Printed by John Tallis, London; New York. 1851.

Map Size: 37 x 26 cm. Scale: [1" = 300 miles, ca. 1:12,500,000].

Description: Ornamental line border with portraits. Colored state and territory boundary lines. Line symbols represent relief, major railroads, etc. Nebraska and parts of the Missouri Territory depicted. Representations of Excelsior, Washington Monument, and scenes with Indians. Map from Tallis’s Illustrated Atlas, and Modern History of the World, Geographical, Political, Commercial, and Statistical.
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1854

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Title: Map of the Proposed Northern Route for a Railroad to the Pacific. Edwin F. Johns, C.E., lithographed by E.C. Kellogg & company, Hartford, Conn., 2nd ed. 1854.

Map Size: 55 x 81 cm. Scale: [1" = 100 miles, ca. 1:6,750,000].

Description: Outline map using line symbol for the proposed route for the Northern Pacific Railroad, as well as selected distances between places by dashed line. Dotted line symbol shows selected trails with name alongside. Elevations above sea level are shown. Population data is printed beneath state and territorial names.
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1855

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Title: Nebraska and Kanzas. Published by J [ospeh] H[utchins] Colton and Company, New York. 1855 [1856].

Map Size: 46.5 x 39 cm. Scale: [1" = 80 miles, ca. 1:7,000,000].

Description: Political division colored; Nebraska light yellow, Minnesota light gray, Kansas light orange. Territorial and state borders are outlines in red, except for the Minnesota-Wisconsin border which appears to have been overlooked. Sargents Bluff is indicated as a settlement located between the Floyd River and Omaha Creek. Sioux City is indicated. Physical relief is indicated by hachure. Map removed from Colton’s Atlas of the World, page number 50.
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Title: A New map of Nebraska, Kansas, New Mexico, and Indian Territories. Published by Charles Desilver, Philadelphia. 1856.

Map Size: 44 x 34.5 cm. Scale: 2 ¾” =300 miles, ca. 1:7,000,000.

Description: Colored map with decorative vine and leaf border. Railroads and trails are indicated by line symbols. Descriptive statements are included on this map, i.e., “Great Indian Treaty Ground,” “fossil turtles.” Exploration routes are indicated with the explorers name alongside. Organized counties and Indian reserves are indicated by line symbol and name. Relief is indicated by hachures.
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Title: Reconnoissance’s in the Dakota Country by G[ouverneur] K. Warren. Lieut: Top. Eng. U.S. A. Made while attached to the staff of Bvt. Brig. Gen. Harney, Commander of the Sioux Expedition in 1855. Assisted by Mr. Paul Carrey on the route from Fort Pierre to Fort Kearney, and by the voluntary services of Lieut. G.T. Baleh, U.S. Ord: on the route from Fort Laramie to Fort Pierre. The sketch from Fort Pierre to the mouth of the White River is by Lieut: D. Curtis 2nd Inf. This map contains in addition, all authentic explorations within the limits comprised by it. They are those of Major Long, Nicollet, Captain Fremont and Capt. Stansbury. Lithographed by P.S. Duval & Company, Philad. 1855.

Map Size: 157 x 94 cm. Scale: 1:600,000.

Description: Relief indicated by hachures. Map shows settlements, Indian place names and exploration routes. Dates and places of exploration encampments indicated.
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Title: Section of Map compiled in P.R.R. Office with additions designed to illustrate Lt. Warrens Report of Military Reconnaissance’s in the Dacota County. Compiled by Lt. Warren, T.E. Drawn by E. Freyhold. Lithographed by P.S. Duval & Company, Philadelphia.

Map Size: 48 x 38 cm. Scale: 1:300,000.

Description: This map was prepared b the Office of Pacific Railroad Explorations and Surveys and draws upon the surveys undertaken for a railroad line across the Dakotas. Map shows the tracks of exploration expeditions. Shows locations of Indian tribes.
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Title: Sketch of the Public Surveys in Kansas and Nebraska. (No.1) Lithographed by A. Hoen & Company, Baltimore. From report of the Commissioner of the General Land Office. 1856. 34th Cong: 1st Sess., Senate Ex. Doc. No. 1,. 1855.

Map Size: 33 x 55.5 cm. Scale: 1″ = 18 miles.

Description: Land survey of townships and Indian Lands and drainage. Shows Indian reservations: Pottawattamies, Delawares, Sacs & Foxes, and Kickapoos. Map depicts the progress of public land surveys in Nebraska and northeastern Kansas.
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1857

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Title: Map of the United States and their Territories between the Mississippi and the Pacific Ocean and Part of Mexico. Compiled from surveys made under the order of W. H. Emory, Major 1st Cavalry, U.S. Commissioner. And from maps of the Pacific Rail Road, General Land Office, and the Coast Survey. Projected and drawn by Lt. N. Milchler, Top. Engrs., by Thomas Jekyll, C.E. 1857-1858. Selmar Siebert’s Engraving and Printing Establishment.

Map Size: 57 x 50 cm. Scale: 1:6,000,000.

Description: Accompanied a Report of the United States and Mexican Boundary Survey, in Senate Executive Document 108, 34 Congress, 1st Session.
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Title: Map showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska. To Accompany the Annual Report of the Surveyor General (Senate Ex. Doc. No. 2, 35th Cong. & House Ex. Dec. No 2, 1st Sess. 35th Cong.). Lith. By Wagner & McGuigan, Phila. 1857.

Map Size: 63 x 47 cm. Scale: 1:1,140,000.

Description: Land surveys of townships and Indian lands. Line symbols indicate the progress of land surveys.
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Title: Nebraska and Kanzas. Published by J.H. Colton and company, New York. 1855 [1857].

Map size: 46 x 37.5 cm. Scale: [1" = 80 miles, ca. 1:7,000,000].

Description: Colored map with decorative border of interlacing vines. Dakota Territory (Colored light gray) is delimited as the area lying between the Missouri River and the Red River of the North and the Big Sioux River. Nebraska Territory extends west from the Missouri River to the head waters of the Rocky Mountains. This edition included more place names then earlier editions, i.e. includes Fort Randall, Dakota City, etc. The Omaha Reserve is not shown on this map. Descriptive geographical statements are included. Removed from atlas page number 50.
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Title: Territory of Minnesota. By Prof. H. D. Rogers & A. Keith Johnston. Engraved by W. & A. K. Johnston, Edinburgh. John Murray, London. 1857.

Map size: 45 x 36.5 cm. Scale: 1:3,450,000.

Description: Territory of Minnesota colored light red. Organized counties outlined in red with names provided. Descriptive notes are included with some place names. The proposed route of the Pacific Railroad is shown. Indian reserves are indicated. Selected elevations above sea level provided. Relief indicated by hachures.

Map detached from the Atlas of the United States, page number 6.
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Title: Territory of Nebraska. By Prof. Henry D. Rogers & Alexander Keith Johnston. Engraved by W. & A.K. Johnston, Edinburgh. John Murray, London. 1857.

Map size: 45 x 36.5 cm. Scale: 1:3,450,000.

Description: The Territory of Nebraska is tinted light blue. Map indicated “proposed Pacific Railroad Routes,” in purple line symbol. Indian tribal areas are generally indicated. Indian names for places have been included, i.e., “Waashesha River,” for the Vermillion River, Fames River, “Tehan Sasa.” Relief indicated by hachures. Map removed from the Atlas of the United States, page 7.
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1858

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Title: Map of the Territory of the United States from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean by the order of the Hon. Jeffn Davis, Secretary of War. To accompany the reports of the explorations for a railroad route made in accordance with the 10th & 11th sections of Army Appropriation Act of March 3rd 1853. Complied from authorized explorations and other reliable data by Lieut. G. K. Warren …. Engraved by Selmar Siebert.

Map size: 45 x 42 inches. Scale 1:3,000,000.

Description: Map accompanied House Executive Document no. 91, 33rd Congress, 2nd Session. This map provides a realistic assessment of the known state of geographical knowledge west of the Mississippi River. When naming some selected features, Warren provided the Indian name or the variant names for that feature.
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Title: Military Map of Nebraska and Dakota. By Lieut. G [Gouverneur] K. Warren, Top’l Eng’rs, from the explorations made by him in 1855-6 while attached to the staff of Brev. Brig. Gen. W.S. Harney, comm’g Sioux Exped’n, and in 1857 under the direction of the Office Expl’ns and Survey, Capt. A.A. Humphreys in charge. [Washington]: Engineer Dept., United States Army, 1875. (N. Peters, Photo Lithographer).

Map size: 1 map on 2 sheets; 107 x 80 cm. Scale: [ca. 1:1,220,000].

Description: Relief shown by hachures and spot elevations. Shows routes of 20 exploration parties from Lewis & Clark (1804) through G. K. Warren (1856). The Map was printed by resolution of the United States Senate. Taken from: Preliminary report of explorations in Nebraska and Dakota in the years 1855-’56′, 57 by Lieut. G.G. Warren.
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Title: Minnesota. Published by J.H. Colton & Company, New York. 1858.

Map size: 24 x 16cm. on sheet 34.5 x 30 cm. Scale: 1:3,623,775.

Description: Colored map with decorative floral border. Counties, settlements and major transportation routes indicated. Inset map: “Vicinity, of the Falls of St. Anthony.” Includes a companion map “Nebraska and Kansas.”
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Title: Nebraska and Kansas. Published by J. H. Colton & Company, New York. 1858.

Map size: 25 x 14 cm on sheet 34.5 x 30 cm. Scale: 1:3,623,775.

Description: Colored map with decorative floral border. Counties are indicated by line symbol and name. Only the eastern parts of Kansas and Nebraska are depicted on this map. Line symbols indicate roads and railroads.

Companion map:”Nebraska.”
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1859

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Title: Map of Nebraska. From Explorations of Lt. G.K. Warren, Top’l, Eng’rs., in 1855, 56 & 57, and other authorities. N.H. Hutton & J.H. Snowden, Ass’t. Top, Engrs. 35th Cong., Senate Ex. Doc. No. 1, House. Ex. Doc. No. 2, 2nd Session. Submitted with Annual Report of Exploration and Survey, War Department. 1859.

Map size: 27.5 x 27.5. Scale: 1″ = 100 miles, ca 1:6,200,000.

Description: Topography symbolized by hachures. Military posts trails shown. Proposed exploration routes indicated by dashed line symbol and explanation “should be examined.”
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1860

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Title: Map of Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado. By S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. Philadelphia. Drawn and engraved by W. H. Gamble. 1860.

Map size: 33 x 25 cm. Scale: [ca. 1:4,000,000].

Description: Colored map with decorative floral and ribbon border. Physical relief indicated by hachures. Counties indicated by color, line symbol and name. Nebraska Territory includes parts of Wyoming to the South Pass. Pony Express route is indicated. Map detached from atlas, page number 39.
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Title: Johnson’s Nebraska and Kansas. By Johnson and Browning, New York. 1860.

Map size: 34 x 34 cm. Scale: 1″ = 80 miles ca. 1:5,000,000.

Description: Territories are distinguished by colors; Nebraska light yellow, and Kansas light red. Territorial boundaries are outlined in red. Relief is symbolized by hachures. Major trails, settlements and well known physical features are indicated. Selected distances between places are given. Nebraska Territory is delimited from the 40th parallel to the Canadian border. Map paged 51.
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Title: Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska. To accompany Annual Report of the Surveyor General. Senate Ex. Doc. No. 1, 2nd Sess. 36th Cong. Lithographed by J. Bien, New York. 1860.

Map size: 63 x 49 cm. Scale: 18 miles to an inch, 1:6,336.

Description: Indian reserves are indicated by line symbol and name. Township lines are depicted. Progress of surveying is shown by line and letter symbol.
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Title: Minnesota and Dacotah. S. Augustus Mitchell. [Philadelphia]: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., [1860?].

Map size: 39 x 34 cm. Scale: 1 inch equals approx. 55 miles, [ca. 1:3,484,800].

Description: Colored map with floral and ribbon border. Map removed from Mitchell’s New General Atlas, page number 35.
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Title: Nebraska, Kansas and Dacotah. Engraved by Oliver J. Stuart, New York. Detached from McNally’s System of Geography, page number 18. [1860].

Map size: 24 x 30 cm. Scale: 2 ¼” =250 miles.

Description: Relief indicated by hachures, map colored. No roads or trails depicted. A set of geographical exercises is included on the verso of this map.
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1861

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Title: Johnson’s Nebraska, Dakota, Colorado, and Kansas. By Johnson and Browning, New York. [1861].

Map size: 43 x 34 cm. Scale: 1″ = 80 miles, ca. 1:5,000,000.

Description: Colored map with decorative border. Physical relief indicated by hachures. Nebraska Territory extends to the South Pass in Wyoming. Dakota Territory includes parts of Wyoming and Montana. State and territories are outlined in red. Proposed route for the Pacific Railroad shown. Map detached from atlas, page number 51.
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1862

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Title: Johnson’s Nebraska, Dakota, Colorado, & Kansas. By A. J. Johnson and Ward. 1862.

Map size: 44 x 35. Scale: 1″ = 80 miles. ca. 1:5,000,000.

Description: Territories and states outlined in red. Nebraska colored light green, Kansas light red. Routes explored for the Pacific Railroad are indicated. Most military posts are depicted. Indian place names are provide with some physical features. Detached from atlas, paged number 55.
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Title: Map of Colorado Territory. Francis M. Case. [s.l..: s.n.] House Reps. Ex. Doc. no. 1, 37th Cong. 3rd Sess. Denver; Sept. 1st. 1862.

Map size: 58 x 46 cm. Scale: 1′ = 18 miles, 1:1,140,000.

Description: Shows progress of public land surveys. Townships lines are indicated. Some areas are labeled “gold bearing region.” Double line symbol indicates established roads. Physicals relief is indicated by hachures. The Cheyenne-Arapahoe reservation is indicated.
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Title: Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys’ in Kansas and Nebraska. To accompany Annual Report of the Surveyor General. (Ho. Ex. Doc. no 1., 37th Cong. 3rd Sess.) Serial set 1160, at head of title: (8) [1862].

Map size: 65 x 55 cm. Scale: 1″ = 18 miles, [ca. 1:1,140,480].

Description: Mapped area extends to Long. 100 degrees 54′ 25″ West. Indian reserves and selected places are shown. Shows land grant railroads. Progress of surveying is indicated by line and letter symbol.
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1863

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Title: Ceded Part of Dakota Territory (A). Showing the Progress of U.S. Land Survey during 1861. Under the direction of Surveyor General G.D. Hill. An localities for which estimates are presented for the fiscal year ending June 30th, 1863. Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 1, 37th Cong. 2nd Sess.

Map size: 35 x 42 cm. Scale: 1″ = 18 miles.

Description: Township lines are identified. The Yankton and Ponka Reserve are indicated.
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Title: Map of Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado. By S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. Philadelphia. Dawn and engraved by W. H. Gamble. 1861 [1863].

Map size: 38 x 31 cm. Scale: 1 ½” = 100 miles, [ca. 1:4,000,000 ].

Description: Counties are distinguished by colors and name. Map is hand colored. Dakota is colored blue, Nebraska light red and Kansas flesh colored. State borders are outlined in darker tints. Nebraska Territory extends to the South pass in Wyoming. Immigrant Trials are indicated by line symbol. Physical relief is indicated by hachures. Map removed from atlas and paged 43.
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Title: Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in Kansas and Nebraska (9). To accompany Annual Report of the Surveyor General. Ho. Ex. Doc. No. 1, 38th cong. 1st Sess. 1863.

Map size: 81.5 x 64 cm. Scale 1″ = 18 miles. Scale [ca. 1:1,140,480].

Description: Indian reserves are indicated by name and line symbol. Progress of surveying is symbolized by line symbol and letter. Map area extends west to longitude 27.
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1864

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Title: Johnson’s Nebraska, Dakota, Colorado, Idaho and Kansas. By Johnson and Ward. [1864].

Map size: 45 x 33.5 cm. Scale: 1 inch equals approx. 80 miles, ca 1:5,000,000.

Description: Decorative border. State and territorial boundaries outlined in red. Dakota Territory extends west to longitude 104, and is tinted light green. Railroad lines are indicated by line symbol. Hachures indicate relief. Indian tribal areas are generally indicated. Verso includes “Historical and Statistical View of the United States, 1860.” Map removed from atlas and paged 55.
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Title: Map of Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado. Showing also the Southern Portion of Dacotah. By S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., Philadelphia. Drawn and engraved by WQ. H. Gamble. 1861 [1864].

Map size: 31 x 39 cm. Scale: [1:4,118,400] 1 in. to ca. 65 miles.

Description: Counties are colored and indicated by name. Wyoming is depicted as “attached to Dacotah,” the lettering “attached…,” is not inked in. State oundaries are outlined in various shades of color. The Santa Fe Route is indicated by line symbol and name alongside. Indian tribal areas are generally indicated. The Pony Express Route as well railroad routes are depicted. Map removed from atlas paged 43.
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Title: Map of Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado. Showing also the Eastern Portion of Idaho. By S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. Philadelphia. Drawn and engraved by. W.H. Gamble. 1861 [1864].

Map size: 38 x 31 cm. Scale: 1:4,100,000.

Description: Colored map with decorative floral border. Physical relief indicated by hachures. Counties indicated by color and name. State and territorial boundaries are highlighted in darker tinted of color. Wyoming is labeled “Idaho,” and in the title of the map” The Eastern Portion of Idaho.” Map removed from Mitchell’s New General Atlas, page 43.
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Title. Map of Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado. Showing also the Southern Portion of Dacotah. S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. Drawn band engraved by W.H. Gamble. 1861 [1864].

Map size: 38.5 x 31 cm. Scale: 1 inch equals approx. 65 miles. [ca. 1:4,000,000].

Description: Colored map with decorative border consisting for roses and ribbons. Wyoming is labeled as “Attached to Dacotah,” and the lettering is darkened in. Counties are colored in and indicated by name. Physical relief is depicted by hachures. Indian place names are provided. Map removed from Mitchell’s New General Atlas, page 43.
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1865

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Title: Johnson’s Nebraska, Dakota, Idaho and Montana. By A. J. Johnson, New York. 1865.

Map size: 68 x 45 cm. Scale: ca. 1:3,484,800.

Description: Nebraska, Montana and Idaho counties are colored and named. Dakota Territory extends north to the Canadian border. Idaho extends east to longitude 110. Line symbol indicated railroad lines with name printed alongside. Dashed double line symbol indicates the Pony Express route. Exploration routes are indicated by double line symbol and explorers name alongside. Descriptive geographical statements are included, i.e., “covered with stinted grass,” “gold mines,” etc. Physical relief indicated by hachures. Map removed from atlas paged 63.
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Title: Johnson’s Nebraska, Dakota, Montana and Kansas. By Johnson and Ward. [1865].

Map size: 34 x 33. Scale: [ca. 1:3,420,000].

Description: Colored map with decorative line border. Physical relief is indicated by hachures. Military posts are indicated. Indian place names are provided. Montana and Colorado are colored light green. States and territories are outlined in light red. Dakota Territory is shown to extend to 111th longitude and the crest of the Wind River and Rocky Mountains. Map depicts routes followed by exploration groups. Map removed from Johnson’s new illustrated family atlas of the world, page 63.
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1866

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Title: Map of Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado. Showing also the Southern Portion of Dacotah. By S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., Philadelphia. Drawn and engraved by W.H. Gamble. 1861 [1866].

Map size: 38.5 x 31cm. Scale: [ca. 1:4,118,400].

Description: Colored map with decorative border. Wyoming is indicated as “attached to Dacotah.” Counties are indicated by line symbols and name. Map detached from Mitchell’s New General Atlas, page 43.
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1867

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Title: Map of Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado. Showing also the Southern Portion of Dacotah. By S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., Philadelphia. Drawn and engraved by W.H. Gamble. 1867.

Map size: 38.5 x 31.5 cm. Scale: [ca. 1:4,118,400].

Description: Decorative floral border consisting of intertwined grape fines. Counties are by named outline in red. No state or Territorial units are colored; rather this map reflects an unfinished or outline quality. Wyoming is indicated as “Attached to Dacotah.” Physical relief is depicted by hachures.
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1868

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Title: Map of Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado. Showing also the Southern Portion of Dacotah. By S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., Philadelphia. Drawn and engraved by W.H. Gamble. 1867 [1868].

Map size: 39 x 31.5 cm. Scale: 1 ¼” = 80 miles.

Description: Floral border consisting of intertwined grape vines. Dacotah territory is colored light green, with dark green territorial borders. Counties are colored and indicated by name. This edition includes trails, counties, and places not included in Mitchell’s 1867 edition of this map. Map paged 48.
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1869

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Title: Johnson’s Nebraska, Dakota, Idaho, Montana and Wyoming. Published by A. J. Johnson, New York, 1865 [1869].

Map size: 57 x 39.5 cm. Scale: ¾” = 40 miles.

Description: Map bordered with decorative line design. State and territorial boundaries outlined in red. Wyoming is colored solid green. Montana, Idaho, Dakota and Nebraska have multiple internal coloring indicating counties. Distinctive line symbols (dashed double line, solid line, double line) indicate explorers routes, roads and railroads, most with names alongside. Hachures indicated physical relief. Map removed from atlas, paged 67-68.
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Title: Map of Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado. Showing also the Southern Portion of Dacotah. By S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. Philadelphia. Drawn and engraved by W. H. Gamble 1867 [1869].

Map size: 38.5 x 31cm. Scale: 1 1/4″ =80 miles.

Description: Map bordered with floral design. Dacotah is colored green. Counties are variously colored for Nebraska, Colorado and Kansas. Line symbols indicate roads, trails and railroads. State and territorial boundaries are outlined in darker colors. Physical relief is indicated by hachures. “Wyoming,” boldly printed out on this edition. Line symbol indicated the Union Pacific Railroad route. Map removed from atlas paged 52.
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1870′s

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Title: Dakota. Published by Colton [Joseph Hutchins], New York. [187-?]

Map size: 44 x 37 cm. Scale: 1:2,090,880.

Description: Map depicts all of Dakota Territory. Individual counties are colored and indicated by name. Territorial boundary is outlined in red. Selected township lines are delineated. Line symbols indicated railroads. Physical relief is depicted by hachures. Map removed from atlas paged 106.
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1872

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Title: Asher & Adams’ Nebraka. Asher and Adams. 1872.

Map size: 61 x 44cm. Scale: 20 miles to an Inch.

Description: Counties are colored and indicated by name and boundary. Railroad lines are indicated by line symbol and name. Selected roads are depicted. Reservations and organized counties of southeast Dakota are shown. Physical relief is symbolized by hachures.
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1873

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Title: County Map of Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, Dakota, Wyoming, Montana. By S. Augustus Mitchell, Philadelphia. 1872 [1873].

Map size: 37.5 x 57.5 cm. No scale.

Description: Map bordered with floral grape pattern. Counties colored and indicated by name and boundary. State and territorial boundaries are outlined in red. Railroad lines indicated by line symbol. Indian tribal areas generally depicted. Physical relief indicated by hachures.
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Title: Map of Nebraska, Dakota, Montana, and Wyoming. New York, J. David Williams. Imprimerie de Ferd. Mayer. 1873.

Map size: 48 x 34 cm. Scale: 1 ½” = 80 miles.

Description: Colored map indicated territorial and state divisions. Counties are colored and indicated by name. Physical relief in depicted by hachures. Settlements, trails, and railways are shown. Indian tribal areas are generally depicted. Map removed from atlas and paged 16.
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Title: Nebraska. O.W. Gray’s Atlas, Philadelphia. 1873.

Map size: 69 x 43 cm. Scale: 1:1,140,000.

Description: Nebraska counties are named and colored in. Township lines are indicated. Railroad lines are depicted by line symbol and name. The Nebraska state boundary is highlighted in red. Major drainage patterns indicated by line symbol.. Indian reserves are shown. Map removed from atlas and paged 122-123.
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1874

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Title: Asher & Adams’ Wyoming. Asher and Adams. 1874.

Map size: 62 x 44.5. Scale: 20 miles = 1 inch.

Description: The five organized counties of Wyoming are colored and named. Major physical features are indicated. The Union pacific railroad is symbolized by parallel lines Distances between railroad water stations and depots indicated in miles. Township lines where surveyed are noted. Yellowstone National park is indicated and outlined in green. Physical relief is symbolized by hachures. Map detached from atlas and paged 119-120.
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1875

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Title: Map of a Reconnaissance of the Black Hills, July and August, 1874, with Troops under the Command of Lt. Col. G.A. Custer, 7th Cavalry, by Capt. Wm. Ludlow, Corps of Engineers, 1875.

Map size: 24 x 21 inches. Scale: 1″ = 12 miles.

Description: Depicts Custer’s route and places of encampment. Shows place names, and routes followed by various exploration groups, i.e., Warren (1857), Raynolds (1859), and the N.P.R.R. Survey (1871) & 1872). Descriptive geographical statements are included, i. e., “high hills heavily wooded.” Physical relief by hachures.
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Title: Map of the Black Hills from a Reconnaissance By Capt. William Ludlow, Corps of Engineers, and Maps of Warren and Raynolds. Capt. William Ludlow. Map drawn by Sergeant C. Becker. Report of a Reconnaissance of the Black Hills of Dakota. Made in the Summer of 1874. Engineer Bureau. Annual Report, 1875. pt. 2 pp. 1113-1230.

Map size: 37 ½ x 23 inches. Scale: 1″ = 3 miles.

Description: Reconnaissance routes and dates of encampment shown. Physical relief depicted by hachures. Place names provided along with descriptive statements.
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1876

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Title: State of Nebraska. Department of the Interior, General land Office. Compiled from the official records of the General Land Office and other sources by, C. Roeser, Principal Draughtsman, G.L.O. Photo Lith & Print. By Julius Bien, New York. 1876.

Map size: 83.5 x 67 cm. Scale: 1 = 15 miles.

Description: Map depicts the extent of public surveys. Counties are identified by name and boundary. Railroads and roads are indicated by line symbol. Indian reservations, military reserves, cities, towns, and county seats are identified by symbol.. Map is not colored.
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1879

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Title: State of Nebraska. Department of the Interior. General Land Office. Compiled from the official records of the General Land Office and other sources by C. Roeser, Principal Draughtsman, G.L.O. Photo Lith & Print. By Julius Bien, New York. 1879.

Map size: 86 x 68 cm. Scale: 1″ = 15 miles.

Description: County map of Nebraska. County boundaries are outlined in light red and the Missouri and Platte River are tinted blue. Indian reservations are noted. The progress of public surveying is indicated as well as the railroads “20 mile limit.” Physical relief is depicted by hachures.
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Title: The Upper Midwest. Stieler’s hand-Atlas, No. 84. Petermann: Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika in 6 Blattern, Bl. 2. Gotha: Justus Perthes. 1879.

Map size: 46.5 x 40 cm. Scale: 1:3,700,000.

Description: Depicts all or parts of Dakota Territory, Nebraska, Minnesota, Iowa, and parts of Wisconsin, Illinois, Wyoming, Montana and Colorado. State and territorial boundaries are highlighted in blue and yellow. Railroads and explorers routes are depicted by line symbol and with name alongside. Descriptive geographic statements are included.
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1880

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Title: Gray’s new Outline Map of Omaha, Douglass County, Nebraska. O.W. Gray Philadelphia. 1880.

Map size: 33.5 x 77cm. Scale: 1″ = 1100 feet.

Description: City plan of Omaha, Nebraska. Depicts industrial manufacturing and residential districts. Map also shows the various channel changes of the Missouri River (1856, 1870, and 1878) as they have occurred near Omaha.
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1881

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Title: Nebraska. Rand, McNally & Company’s Nebraska. Chicago. 1881.

Map size: 53.5 x 37 cm. Scale: 2 ½” = 60 miles.

Description: Counties are outlined in yellow as well as the Nebraska state border. Railroad lines are indicated by orange line symbol with their name indicated alongside. County seats are shown by symbol. Verso: Index to Nebraska. Map paged 314-315.
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1882

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Title: Nebraska. Rand, McNally & company’s Indexed Atlas of the World. Chicago. 1882.

Map size: 53 x 38 cm. Scale: 2 ½” = 60 miles.

Description: Counties outlined in yellow and identified by name. Railroad lines identified by red line symbol with name of railroad printed alongside. Township lines are depicted. Map detached from Rand, McNally & company’s Indexed Atlas of the World.
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Title: New Railroad and County Map of Nebraska. Geo. Cram. Chicago. 1882.

Map size: 34.5 x 28.5. Scale: 1″ = 36 miles.

Description: A multi-colored county map of Nebraska. Major places are indicated. Railroad lines are depicted by line symbol. Railroad lines are not named. Physical relief indicated by hachures. Verso of map: New Railroad and County map of Colorado.
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1883

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Title: Johnson’s Nebraska, Dakota, Idaho, Montana and Wyoming. By Alvin J. Johnson & Company. New York. 1865, 1883.

Map size: 66 x 45.5 cm. Scale: ¾” = 40 miles.

Description: Colored map with decorative line border. Counties are indicated by name and color. Railroad lines are indicated by distinctive line symbol. Exploration routes indicated with explorers name alongside. Physical relief depicted by hachures. Map detached from atlas.
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1884

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Title: State of Nebraska. Compiled and drawn by M. Hendges. Washington D.C.: Department of the Interior, General Land Office. 1884.

Map size: 86 x 58 cm. Scale 1″ = 15 miles.

Description: Detailed map showing county seats, towns and villages, Indian and Military reservations, and completed railroads. Physical relief is depicted in great detail.
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1888

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Title: Nebraska. Rand, McNally & Company’s New Business Atlas Map of Nebraska. 1888.

Map size: 68 x 55 cm. Scale: 1 1/8″ = 20 miles.

Description: Counties are indicated by name and boundary. Township lines indicated Railroad lines indicated by name and boundary. Railroads are depicted by line symbol and by name. Nebraska state boundary is defined by pink wash. Major Cities and towns indicated. On verso: Index to Nebraska. Map removed from Rand, McNally & Company’s New Business Atlas Map of Nebraska, paged 214-15.
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1889

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Title: State of South Dakota. Department of the Interior, General Land Office. Compiled from the official records of the General Land Office and other sources under the supervision of A.F. Dinsmore, principle draughtsman G.L.O. Photolithographed and printed by Julies Bien & Company, 1889.

Map size: 87 x 58 cm. Scale: 1:760,320.

Description: Shows named places including boundaries for all organized and unorganized counties, rural post offices, railroad lines, selected streams, military posts, and Indian reservations.
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Title: North Dakota. Engraved for Gaskell’s Atlas of the World. Chicago. 1889.

Map size: 34.5 x 29 cm. Scale: ½” = approx 20 miles.

Description: Multi-colored county map of North Dakota. Physical relief indicated by hachures. Map detached from Gaskell’s Atlas of the World and paged 72. On verso Nebraska.
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1910

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Title: Post route map of the State of South Dakota showing post offices with the intermediate distances on mail routes in operation on the 1st of June, 1910. United States Post Office Department, 1910.

Map size: 109 x 81 cm. Scale: 1:633,600.

Description: Names all post offices at of June, 1910.
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1918

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Title: State of South Dakota. Washington, D.C.: Department of the Interior, General Land Office, 1918.

Map size: 91 x 66 cm. Scale: 1 inch = 12 statute miles.

Description: Base map of South Dakota, shows principle geographic features, and communities.

Newly processed

Ruth Patrick and Alice Mason in a tree below the bluff. Monument to the school house built under the direction of Captain Nelson Miner by the first Dakota Cavalry in 1864 appears in the background.

Ruth Patrick and Alice Mason in a tree below the bluff. Monument to the school house built under the direction of Captain Nelson Miner by the first Dakota Cavalry in 1864 appears in the background.

River view

River view

Donated by Dorothy Manning, the Alice Bryden Mason Collection features the photographs and album pages of USD 1916 graduate Alice Mason. Included in the collection is a rare photograph of Spirit Mound.

Alice Bryden Mason

Alice Bryden Mason

Sprit Mound

Sprit Mound

A Postcard Collection from the University of South Dakota’s Archives
 

The USD Archives and Special Collections is home to many unique holdings from South Dakota’s past.  This on-line exhibit, Greetings from South Dakota, is a compilation of 27 postcards rendering images from throughout the state.  As a part of our Chilson Collection, this group of 159 cards is entitled “South Dakota postal cards,  A collection of cards of early South Dakota.”  Although the collection is relatively small, the images are diverse and give a glimpse of life in South Dakota in the early 1900s.  All dates given are based on that of the postal date unless otherwise written on the front of the postcard.

Text and images taken from an online exhibit done for the Archives and Special Collections by Jami Guthrie.

Dorothy Cooper-Foote

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Introduction:

Emmy-nominated screenwriter Dorothy Cooper Foote was born in Vermillion, SD in 1911. She was also a USD alum who graduated in 1933 with a degree in journalism. After moving to California she soon began to work her way up the ranks at Universal Studios. Under the name Dorothy Cooper, she wrote such films as “On an Island With You,” “Small Town Girl,” “A Date With Judy” and the TV shows “Father Knows Best,” “My Three Sons,” “Gidget,” “Love on a Rooftop,” “The Flying Nun” and “Hazel.” Ms. Foote was nominated for an Emmy for her work on the Robert Young TV series “Father Knows Best.” She was also nominated for a Writer’s Guild Award as the co-writer of the Esther Williams film “On an Island With You.”

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Dorothy wrote the first episode for Father Knows Best and won a number of awards for the series, including the Sylvania Award for outstanding achievement in creative television technique. She would also receive two Emmy Award writing nominations and win the Television-Radio Writers Award for An Old Flame, the best script for episodic comedy in 1959-1960.

History:

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Dorothy, age 8

Dorothy Christy Wright was born on September 30, 1911, to Harry and Jessie (Christy) Wright in Vermillion, South Dakota.  Her father was the Vermillion postmaster and their family resided at 415 East Clark Street, across from Slagle Hall. This eventually became the home of University of South Dakota political science professor, Dr. William O. Farber. While attending USD, Dorothy majored in journalism, was a member of the Chi Omega sorority and edited the Wet Hen, a campus humor magazine.  She gained notoriety on campus for creating the “Kissable Lips” contest.

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Contemplating a script, 1943

Dorothy graduated from USD in 1933 and moved to California where she began working as a telephone operator at Universal Studios.  Dorothy then showed initiative four years later by writing a letter to Val Paul, a producer, stating that she was interested in writing. Her bold attempts to get a promotion were successful. She was an extra in the 15 episode movie serial, Flaming Frontiers(1938), starring Johnny Mack Brown.  Soon after, she was appointed as an assistant script editor.  Dorothy moved her way up the studio ranks and eventually began to write screenplays for movies. Her first motion picture screenplay was A Date with Judy (1948), an MGM musical in Technicolor starring Jane Powell, Wallace Berry, Carmen Miranda, and Elizabeth Taylor. This was followed by four other musicals starring Esther Williams, June Allyson, Van Johnson, Jimmy Durante, and Ricardo Montalban–On an Island with You(1948), Small Town Girl (1953), Duchess of Idaho(1950), and Rich, Young and Pretty (1951).

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1958

With the advent of television in the 1950s, Dorothy began to write screenplays for television sitcoms.  She wrote the pilot episode for Father Knows Best, and won numerous awards for this series including the Sylvania Award for outstanding achievement in creative television technique.  She received two Emmy Awards and won the Television-Radio Writers Award for her work on An Old Flame as the best script for episodic comedy in 1959-1960.  Dorothy also continued to write for such sitcoms as My Three Sons, Hazel, Gidget, Love on a Rooftop, and The Flying Nun during the 1960s.

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Dakota Days 1984

Dorothy returned to Vermillion in 1964 when the University of South Dakota named her honorary marshal for the Dakota Days parade. After retiring in the late 1970s, she remained active by writing two musical plays (This is Heaven? and Scots on the Rock), working with charitable organizations, serving as a judge for screenwriters’ contests, and acting as a consultant on various manuscripts for other writers.

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Dorothy was married three times; her first marriage to G. Leslie Cooper and her second was to Paul R. Cerf.  On October 6, 1956, she wed Robert “Bob” Foote, a prominent Los Angeles surgeon and medical school professor.  Dr. Foote was a graduate of Alfred University in Alfred, New York and received his medical degree from the College of Medicine of the State University of New York in Brooklyn.  They had several homes including residences in Bakersfield, Malibu, Dana Point, and Palm Desert in California. They particularly enjoyed sailing on their boat, The Libertine.

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Rhett Butler

Dorothy loved dogs, and throughout her life canines were always her constant companions.  In the 1970s and 1980s, she and her husband owned Great Danes, the last of which was named “Rhett Butler.”  Dorothy (Wright) Cooper Foote died on at the age of 93 on November 26, 2004, at her home in Palm Desert.  Her husband, Dr. Robert Foote, passed away on April 5, 2002.

Text taken from an online exhibit done for the Archives and Special Collections by Gayla Koerting. Images by  Danielle Loftus.

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