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The following articles are from the June 14, 1883 and July 19, 1883 issues of the Dakota Huronite newspaper. Typescript copies of some the issues of this paper are in the Chilson Collection.
Does anyone know how long this steamboat operated?
The Carnegie Library…
was made possible by a $40,000 gift from philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. Initiated by Droppers but delayed by legalistic complications, arrangements were finally closed in January 1910, when Regent E. C. Ericson led a delegation to see Mr. Carnegie at his home. Fronting on Clark Street, the building was occupied in October 1911, the approximately 16,000 volumes classified by the Dewey Decimal System being shelved under the supervision of librarian Mabel D. Richardson. Although it consisted of only the front half of the later structure, it appeared roomy after the quarters in University Hall. One of the two seminar rooms on the second floor was used as a studio for the art department, and history classes occupied the basement.” — The University of South Dakota 1862-1966 by Cedric Cummins
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By A.M. (Alfons Michael) Dauer
Trephination, the act or process of making a hole in the skull by drilling and/or removing a piece of the bone, is believed by many to be an early form of brain surgery. It is found in Neolithic Europe, pre-Columbian America and in other places in the world during various time periods.
In the Health Science Rare books, one of the collections in the Archives and Special Collections, I have found a copy of Maganda, which is a movie that I think shows someone trephining a skull of a living person. I haven’t seen the movie yet since the archives doesn’t have a 16mm film projector. This is how the University of Washington Educational Media Collection catalog describes it:
“A trephination to relieve severe headache, performed by an experienced witch doctor under unsterile conditions and without the benefit of anesthesia, is the highlight of this unusual film which shows that witch-doctoring is by no means a thing of the past. Designed as a piece of medical entertainment in which are collected interesting and unique scenes on African medicine. (NOTE: The attempts at humor are somewhat ethnocentric and the narration is, at times, condescending; however, the footage on the trephination remains striking.)”
The catalog record also gives a film date of 1963.
http://www.css.washington.edu/emc/title/1753. (Accessed May 30, 2014.)
In 1665 “the English Royal Society published the first popular science book, Micrographia, (with the subtitle Or Some Physiological Descriptions of Minute Bodies Made by Magnifying Glasses with Observations and Inquiries Thereupon). It was written by Robert Hooke, then a 30-year-old hunchbacked, cantankerous, neurotic hypochondriac who was also a brilliant natural scientist, polymath and an original fellow of the society that published the book.
Micrographia captured many people’s imaginations. In it, along with dozens of beautiful engravings based on meticulous illustrations by the author, Hooke provided not only a clear description of the architecture of fleas, the seeds of thyme, the eyes of ants, the internal makings of sponges, microscopic fungi and the small building blocks of plants, but he also provided a detailed description of his own microscope.”
A facsimile of this book is available in the Health Science Rare Book collection of the Archives and Special Collections.
For more information on the history of microscopes and discovery of the microscopic world, see Paul Falkowski, “Leeuwenhoek’s lucky break: how a Dutch fabric-maker became the father of microbiology,” Discover , June 2015, p. 58-63. It is also the source of the quote above.